Introduction - Wood carving and sculpture
Wood carving is a decorative art work known since the ancient times, this being
one of the main artistic preoccupations of humans and one of the oldest means by
which humans could achieve beauty in his life.
The purpose of wood carving is to adorn the furniture articles.
But also other wood products needed in human life, with various ornaments
and decorative shapes such that these objects become more beautiful and closest
to the practical and aesthetic sense of man. All the elements accomplished through
wood carving have a plastic molded character with relief or depth on the carved
These ornamental and decorative elements are hand carved with chisels,
and only certain technological stages are made with the help of machinery
and special industrial tools.
Styles - Wood carving and sculpture
In its historical, constructive and decorative evolution, furniture and decorative
objects, which were strictly related to the practical and aesthetic needs of human
life, the wood carving and sculpture had a functional artistic development directly
influenced by the major styles of fine arts.
The improvement of carving tools, wood materials and social conditions, made
the way to the first major furniture styles.
Chronological listing of historical periods that have developed major styles of
furniture, established a specific classification of forms, structures and ornament
with similarities and differences characteristic from a style to another.
Although the rudimentary furniture existed in human life since the prehistoric
times, the organized and documented style meet the following important historical
periods: ancient worlds styles, styles of ancient Greek-Roman, styles of the middle
ages and styles of the modern age.
Wood carving and sculpture styles - description:
1. Styles of the ancient worlds - characterized by the next styles: Egyptian,
Assyrian-Caldeo, Indian, Chinese and Japanese. Read more..
2. The ancient styles - include the Ancient Greek and Roman Styles.
3. Styles of the middle ages - characterized by the Byzantine, Islamic,
Romanic and Gothic styles. Read more..
4. The modern era style - Renaissance, Baroque-Italy, Louis the XIV, Régence,
Louis the XV, Chippendale, Louis the XVI, English classical styles, Empire
and Biedermeier styles. Read more..
5. The Romanian style - characterized by the folk Romanian style and the
cultural Romanian style. Read more..
Besides these wood carving and sculpture styles others have emerged, with the
specific influences of a much shorter historical periods, but which have not
been established and generalized as the styles mentioned above.
Different carving techniques can
be applied with different tools.
Techniques of wood carving
explained in depth.
Types of tools used for wood
carving. Multi-functional wood
carving tools, hand tools, power
tools and complete carving sets.
Every wood type has its own
nature.. and since the wood
is not equally strong in all
directions, the design must be
arranged keeping this in mind.